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Pressure ulcers are wounds in the skin that are caused by prolonged immobility. The severity of pressure ulcers can range from red and painful areas of the skin to an open wound that extends to bone, muscle and tendon. When there is break in the skin, infection often occurs and an infected pressure ulcer is associated with serious complications such as osteomyelitis and sepsis. Skin that is thin and areas of bony prominence, such as the hips, elbows, spine, and other bony areas are commonly at risk of developing pressure ulcers. The National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel has provided definitions of the stages of development of a pressure ulcer and is a recommended resource for all healthcare workers, and these are discussed.
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- Overview of Pressure Ulcers
- Incidence and Cause of Pressure Ulcers
- Risk Factors for Developing Pressure Ulcers
- Complications of Pressure Ulcers
- Prevention of Pressure Ulcers
- Treatment of Pressure Ulcers
- Identify pressure ulcers and their causes.
- Identify the factors that increase the risk of developing pressure ulcers.
- Identify the complications that may arise with pressure ulcers.
- Describe the techniques that are used to prevent pressure ulcers from occurring.