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Atherosclerosis is a chronic, long-term process in which the walls of the arteries become hardened and abnormally narrowed by atherosclerotic plaques. Hardening of the arteries and the development of atherosclerotic plaques compromises the vascular system. Atherosclerosis develops due to fat accumulation, inflammation, and calcification. Preventative measures that stop or slow atherosclerosis is considered the best approach to good vascular health. While some risk factors for vascular disease are nonmodifiable, such as inherited characteristics, other risk factors may be controlled, such as blood lipid levels, obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and smoking, to reduce the risk of vascular disorders. Lifestyle changes are very effective at lowering blood pressure but they are a lifelong commitment that many people find difficult. Half of the people who know they have hypertension are not receiving treatment, or not being adequately treated. All health clinicians and care aides have a valuable role to assist patients in a health prevention plan to control the development of vascular disease.
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- The Heart and Atherosclerosis
- The Brain and Atherosclerosis
- Peripheral Circulation and Atherosclerosis
- Treatment of Atherosclerosis
- Deep Vein Thrombosis
- Signs, Symptoms, and Diagnosis of DVT
- Treatment of Deep Vein Thrombosis
- Lifestyle Modifications
- Antihypertensive Therapy
- Case Study - Hypertension
- Identify risk factors for atherosclerosis, deep vein thrombosis and hypertension.
- Identify common complications these conditions.
- Identify how these conditions are prevented and treated.
- Describe how to care for a patient with a vascular disorder.